Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot regulate blood glucose, or sugar, levels appropriately. As a result, glucose levels in the blood become elevated and over time, this can damage many organs of the body. While diabetes can’t be cured, it can be controlled.

Symptoms of diabetes

Symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes include excessive thirst, a frequent need to pass urine, increased hunger, blurred vision and fatigue. There may also be some unexplained weight loss, nausea or abdominal pain. Once diabetes is diagnosed and the individual’s blood sugars are under control, these symptoms will diminish.

Types of diabetes

There are 3 main types of diabetes:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes is often known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes as it usually affects children and young adults. Symptoms start over weeks/months as the pancreas stops producing insulin and blood sugars rise.
  2. Type 2 Diabetes is often known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes. It has a gradual onset and affects adults who are often obese as the cells stop responding to the insulin that is being produced by the body.
  3. The third type of diabetes is called gestational diabetes (GDM). It resembles type 2 diabetes but it occurs during pregnancy and often disappears after delivery. It is important that the mother maintains strict control of blood sugars during pregnancy to avoid any harm to the unborn child

Diagnosis of diabetes

Diabetes is diagnosed by your general practitioner or nurse practitioner using the results of a fasting blood glucose test. High levels of glucose in the blood before eating indicate that the pancreas is not producing enough insulin or the body is not responding to it appropriately. Your doctor will confirm the subtype of diabetes and commence appropriate treatment.
Our medical professionals at the Stroke & Diabetes Center provide outpatient evaluation, treatment and ongoing education for adults with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, as well as pre-diabetes conditions. The interdisciplinary team includes certified diabetes educators, nutritionists, and nurses who work closely with general practitioners and nurse practitioners to work toward a common goal — to help patients lead longer, healthier lives.


To help patients learn to manage their diabetes successfully, the Stroke & Diabetes Center offers educational classes, as well as individualized appointments on topics such as behavior change, goal setting, healthy eating, carbohydrate counting, dining out, label reading, cholesterol, medication management, coping, stress and sick day management, benefits of exercise, prevention of complications, dental care and foot care. Special Gestational Diabetes Education classes are also available for women diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy


Diabetes Care Basics

If you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, or have been have been told you have pre-diabetes, this three-part interactive educational session on “Diabetes Care Basics” from the Stroke & Diabetes Center is for you. In these sessions, you will get the knowledge and learn about the tools you need to manage diabetes and achieve success in self-management.

Topics include:

Definition of diabetes
Basics of self-care of diabetes
Physical activity and exercise
Acute and chronic complication management
Role of oral medications and insulin in diabetes management
Basics of nutrition
Changing behavior and setting goals
The program is ten hours divided among three classes. Please check with your insurance company to see if the ten hour program is a covered benefit. Insurance is NOT needed to attend. If you do not have insurance, please call (868)-235-5066 to register.